Total number of assets (1)
This browser does not support viewing this file type. Please download the asset to view.
This is a final report of an archaeological excavation at Lagavooren 7 (00E0914) which was located on the route of the M1 Northern Motorway Gormanston – Monasterboice (Drogheda Bypass), Platin to Oldbridge, Chainage 21600–24800, Contract 7, County Meath. The excavation was carried out by Emmet Stafford of Irish Archaeological Consultancy Ltd (IAC) on behalf of Meath County Council. The work was carried out under licence No. 00E0914 which was received from the DoEHLG in consultation with the National Museum of Ireland. The fieldwork took place between January 2001 and 24 March 2001. Lagavooren 7 was identified as a result of archaeological testing carried out by Valerie J. Keeley Ltd in 2000. The excavation was contained within an area measuring c. 110m east–west x 75m north–south (8250m²). A portion of the site was not excavated and was sealed beneath a geotextile layer and preserved in situ beneath the motorway embankment. Seven phases of activity were identified at Lagavooren 7 and these belonged to the Neolithic, Bronze Age, Iron Age and the post-medieval period. There were three major foci on the site: a late Neolithic timber circle; a Bronze Age circular structure and a very large Bronze Age pit and these were located in the west, east and north of the site respectively. Early Neolithic and Iron Age activity was also represented at Lagavooren 7, although at a comparable lower scale, but is nonetheless important. Early Neolithic activity (Phase 1) comprised a cluster of pits in the south of the site and a cluster of pits, a trough and a large spread in the north of the site. The late Neolithic phase (Phase 2) comprised a timber post circle associated with Grooved Ware pottery with an internal diameter of 5.7m and associated adjacent pits and a hearth (2840–2470 BC, 2900–2670 BC and 2580–2460 BC). Phase 3 belonged to the early/middle Bronze Age and comprised a pit (1870–1620 BC) which contained a large quantity of pottery and lithic finds representing several of the phases at the site. Middle Bronze Age activity (Phase 4) at the site comprised a circular structure defined by an inner ring of postholes and an outer arrangement of slot trenches and postholes. The outer ring measured 12.6m in diameter internally (13.2m external diameter) and the inner ring measured c. 7m in diameter. Radiocarbon dating of two samples retrieved from the slot trench and from an entrance posthole date the structure to 1540–1380 BC. Middle/late Bronze Age activity (Phase 5) comprised a large pit which could represent a well or a deer trap. It measured 7.2m x 4.3m x 2.86m and returned a calibrated radiocarbon date of 1270–1040 BC. Iron Age activity (Phase 6) comprised two smelting hearths that contained iron slag, one of which returned a date of 520–380 BC. A series of linear ditches and furrows which traversed the site represent the postmedieval phase (Phase 7). Lagavooren 7 is positioned within, and is a major component part of, a huge late Neolithic and Bronze age habitation and ceremonial complex identified during the Northern Motorway project in the townlands of Rathmullan and Lagavooren. Of particular note is the identification of a large late Bronze Age (1040–810 cal. BC) ditched enclosure (Lagavooren 6) which located immediately to the SSE (Murphy and Clarke 2003). This site was only partially excavated and the remnants were preserved in situ.