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This report documents the final results of the archaeological excavation of a multi-phase finds-rich site, dating from the Early Neolithic to post medieval or modern periods. The site contained evidencefor Neolithic domestic or ritual activity, Bronze Age domestic or industrial or ritual activity, Iron Age domestic activity and Iron Age to early medieval metal working activity, and post-medieval boundary features. Archaeological site E3370, Cooleen Site 1, was located on the route of the N7 Nenagh to Limerick High Quality Dual Carriageway (HQDC), Cooleen, Co. Tipperary (NGR 171090E 166440N) (Fig. 1). The excavation described here forms part of the N7 Nenagh to Limerick HQDC Archaeological Resolution Contract. A preliminary report on the excavation was produced in December 2008 (McNamara 2008).The National Monuments Act 1930 (as amended) provides the legislative framework within which archaeological excavation can take place and the following government publications set out many ofthe procedures relating to planning/development and archaeology: Framework and Principles for the Protection of the Archaeological Heritage (DAHGI 1999a)Policy and Guidelines on Archaeological Excavation (DAHGI 1999b)Code of Practice between the National Roads Authority and the Minister for Arts, Heritage, Gaeltacht and the Islands (NRA/MAHGI 2001)The archaeological work was carried out following Ministerial Direction given under the National Monuments (Amendment) Act 2004. Summary of results: A multi-phase finds-rich site, dating from the Early Neolithic to post-medieval or modern periods; consisting of Neolithic domestic or ritual activity, Bronze Age domestic, industrial or ritual activity, Iron Age domestic activity and Iron Age or early medieval metal working, and post-medieval ditches. Monuments identified: Neolithic pit, finds-rich Middle and Late Bronze Age pits, Middle Bronze Age kiln, Iron Age structures, Iron Age to early medieval pits, and post medieval-modern boundaries. Undated features include pits, postholes, stakeholes, linear features, and possible clusters and alignments.