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In 2003, Mayo County Council archaeologists undertook the excavation of five archaeological areas in advance of the construction of the N26 Ballina to Bohola (Stage 1) road scheme.These excavations were conducted on behalf of the National Roads Authority and Mayo County Council and included the excavation of a known children’s burial ground or cillín in Tonybaun townland, 6 km south of Ballina (Illus. 1 & 2). It is recorded in the Record of Monuments and Places as MA039-107 (NGR 124790, 312310; height 20 m OD; excavation licence no. 03E0139). Some 248 burials were discovered at the site; subsequent radiocarbon dating indicates a period of use beginning in the late 15th century and ending in the mid-20th century. The majority of those interred here were infants. Archaeological investigation of this type of site can be a difficult experience, especially, in this case, for the local community, who had a strong attachment to this burial ground. The excavation led to the reburial of these individuals in the parish graveyard at Ballynahaglish with full funeral rites.These individuals, who had been set apart in the past, were ultimately reintegrated into the wider community.