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The site at Newtown was first identified in 2001 during a large-scale, pre-construction ploughing and test-trenching project before construction of the Limerick Southern Ring Road Phase I. There was no trace of the archaeological features above the ground before investigation. The site was to the east of Limerick city (Illus. 1), in the townland of Newtown (NGR 162550, 155850; height 30 m OD; excavation licence no. 01E0214).The excavation was funded by the National Roads Authority, through Limerick County Council. Two distinct phases of activity were identified at this site: a prehistoric Bronze Age phase represented by two structures, interpreted as houses, and a cemetery containing quantities of funerary pottery; and a subsequent reuse of the site in the early medieval period (Illus. 2). This paper concentrates on the early medieval phase of activity. This was represented by a ‘plectrum-shaped’ enclosure (identified as Newtown A) containing a figure-of-eight structure, which was partly constructed on top of the Bronze Age cemetery. (The two Bronze Age houses were situated to the north of the plectrum-shaped enclosure.) Part of a possible second enclosure (identified as Newtown E) was also excavated. This extended beyond the area affected by the road scheme, and so its full extent could not be ascertained. It was situated to the west of the plectrum-shaped enclosure.