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Archaeological investigations in advance of the N2 Finglas–Ashbourne road scheme revealed approximately 20 new archaeological sites interspersed along the route (Illus. 1). Their date range indicates that there was inter mittent human activity in the Finglas–Ashbourne area during at least the past 5,000 years. The diverse nature of this activity is reflected by a range of site types, including short-term dispersed occupation pits and features, burnt mound sites, small-scale kiln and industrial sites, and extensive habitation complexes, as well as sites of ritual, burial or ceremonial significance. The N2 road scheme comprises c. 17 km of dual carriageway extending NNE from the existing N2/M50 junction in Dublin, bypassing the busy and congested town of Ashbourne, Co. Meath, on its western side before rejoining the existing N2 north of the town.The archaeological works for the scheme were carried out on behalf of the National Roads Authority and Meath County Council. All the sites discussed here were fully excavated during 2004 and 2005 by Cultural Resource Development Services Ltd (CRDS Ltd). Preliminary archaeological investigations for the scheme commenced in 2001, however, with a contribution on archaeology to the Environmental Impact Statement prepared by Valerie J Keeley Ltd. Subsequently, an aerial survey of the route was carried out by Margaret Gowen & Co. Ltd in 2001, and an extensive geophysical survey of the route was carried out by GSB Prospection Ltd in 2002. Cumulatively, these investigations identified a number of existing and new archaeological sites along and adjacent to the route. In order to investigate their potential, and that of the entire route, an extensive programme of test excavations was carried out between August and November 2003 by Judith Carroll Network Archaeology Ltd.