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The discovery of a previously undocumented burial-ground attracts human interest. We feel a certain sensitivity among the surroundings, unfortunately all too often from some deep- rooted memory of our own attendance at the funerals of family or friends. Deep within ourselves we realise that we too, in some form, will come to rest in a similar environment. The nature of that final rest will depend on the culture of the community and of the society in which we have lived. Modern culture allows us to choose how we are disposed of following death—the new emphasis being on ‘disposal’. Until recently it was more important that the deceased be buried in the community burial-ground and repose there awaiting the day of judgement, following which the faithful of the community would be reunited. That cultural view of burial is slowing passing away in our own society but is still within the living memory of many. It is also well documented.We are somewhat less familiar with the culture of those buried at Cross in east County Galway (Illus. 1). But we should be aware that although tradition and culture might change, human nature does not. To contemporary society, and to pagan or Christian alike, the burial-ground at Cross, even if it was only used by a small proportion of the population, was as familiar to them as the local graveyard was to mid-20th-century churchgoers.