While final preparations were being made for a rebellion, the war effort continued in the trenches and on the Irish Home Front. In Ahascragh, Lady Clonbrock spent April 1916 administering local efforts to collect sphagnum moss to be used as bandages and surgical dressings. In a field hospital in France Marie Martin served and tended to wounded men of all nations. Aboard the H.M.S. Defence Lawrence Brown sent his love to his sisters. In the Somme thousands of Irish soldiers lost their lives. Whether Nationalist or Unionist, Catholic or Protestant, rich or poor, the Great War pervaded the lives of ordinary Irish citizens at home and abroad. The letters written and received in 1916 demonstrate the complexity of life in Ireland in 1916 as a brother fights in France and a son rebels in Dublin.