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Archaeology can draw on a wide variety of information to build up a picture of our past. Archaeologists are therefore trained to use an equally diverse range of skills and techniques to gather their evidence. Environmental archaeology is just one of many specialist areas within the discipline. Environmental archaeologists investigate past environments to understand the landscapes that people lived in and exploited. They employ a wide variety of techniques, many borrowed and adapted from the environmental sciences such as botany, zoology, geography and geomorphology. Evidence for past landscapes can be found both ‘on site’ and ‘off site’. Environmental archaeology ‘on site’ could include the study of animal bones, shells and charcoal found in archaeological excavations. These represent the local resources that people were using in their settlements: food that had been farmed, hunted or gathered; wood, thatch or other materials brought in for building; wood and peat for fuel. These tell us both about how people lived and what their local environment was like.