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This site is located in the townland of Coolbeg, c.4km southwest of Wicklow, Co. Wicklow. The archaeological excavation was carried out by Irish Archaeological Consultancy Ltd on behalf of Wicklow County Council and the National Roads Authority in advance of the construction of the N11 Rathnew to Arklow Road Improvement. The site was initially identified during archaeological testing carried out by IAC Ltd. under the same contract during July 2005. The testing revealed kilns and pits associated with a possible palisade and several structural features. A sample of charcoal from the fill of the possible palisade returned two sigma radiocarbon dates of 6430–6240 BC (Wk20694, Appendix 2.2) (the Mesolithic Period) and AD 1630– 1960 (WK20695, Appendix 2.2) (Modern Period). These dates are believed to be the result of intrusive/disturbed material in the ditch fill. The site is interpreted as being late Iron Age/early medieval in date, as it bears many similarities with Site A022/070 located c.40m to the north, where three were excavated and were dated to the late Iron Age/early medieval period. Analysis of the lithics recovered during the excavation established that they were predominantly waste flakes from a lithic production involving a scalar technology which is typical for the south-east region. The assemblage most likely dates to the late Neolithic period based on technological grounds. This assemblage is most likely not contemporary with the activity on site, but is probably associated with the RMP site WI031:045, a flint scatter. This site was located within the constraint area of the RMP site. Three sherds of early Neolithic Carinated Bowl were also recovered from the site. Two of these sherds were recovered from the topsoil, while the third sherd was recovered from the fill of a hearth. This site was one of a cluster of sites ranging from the late Mesolithic/early Neolithic to late Iron Age / early medieval period that was excavated within the immediate surrounding area (Sites A022/064–A022/077).