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Irish Archaeological Consultancy Ltd (IAC), funded by the National Roads Authority (NRA) through Kilkenny County Council, undertook an excavation at the site of AR099, Holdenstown 3 along the proposed N9/N10 Kilcullen to Waterford Scheme, Phase 4 – Knocktopher to Powerstown (Figure 1). The following report describes the results of archaeological excavation at that site. The area was fully excavated by Yvonne Whitty under Ministerial Direction A032 and Excavation Registration Number E3854 issued by the DOEHLG in consultation with the National Museum of Ireland for IAC. The fieldwork took place between the 10 and 21 September 2007. The excavation at Holdenstown 3 has identified a series of pits clustered in an area of approximately 7m2. Lithic debitage was recovered from many of the pits and prehistoric pottery that has been interpreted as being from middle Bronze Age domestic vessels was found within two of these pits. The precise function of the pits is unknown and it seems likely, given their clustering, that they are related, possibly forming a small temporary structure. One of the pits has been dated to the late Neolithic while the lithics have been interpreted as being diagnostically from the middle Neolithic. This may suggest that the features are unrelated or that there has been re-use or disturbance of some of the pits. The excavation yielded 84 pottery sherds representing at least two middle Bronze Age domestic vessels. The Holdenstown material is an important addition to the previously poorly represented distribution of later prehistoric activity in this section of the Nore Valley. The lithic assemblage from the site comprises eight chert cores, six blades, 20 flakes, 88 pieces of debitage and four convex end scrapers. The assemblage can be dated to the middle Neolithic period based on its technological and typological characteristics. Together with the discarded retouched tools, the recovered cores, flakes, blades and debitage represent waste from lithic production and the immediate use and re-sharpening of lithic tools, possibly in domestic activities either at or near the site. A single sample from Pit C4 was sent for AMS radiocarbon dating. A small fragment of charred hazelnut returned a 2 Sigma calibrated result of 2860–2480BC (SUERC 30110). Holdenstown 3 is an important site locally and although the archaeological remains are small they are significant in assisting our understanding of a developing landscape from the Neolithic to the Bronze Age. This is particularly relevant given the presence of Mesolithic, Neolithic, middle and late Bronze Age, Iron Age and significant early medieval evidence in the vicinity of the site. The Neolithic activity at Holdenstown 3 thus represents, in part, the foundation for all later activity.