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Irish Archaeological Consultancy Ltd (IAC), funded by the National Roads Authority (NRA) through Kilkenny County Council, undertook an excavation at the site of AR127, Kellymount 5 along the proposed N9/N10 Kilcullen to Waterford Scheme, Phase 4 – Knocktopher to Powerstown (Figure 1). The following report describes the results of archaeological excavation at that site. The area was fully excavated by Przemyslaw Wierzbicki under Ministerial Direction A032 and Excavation Registration Number E3858 issued by the DoEHLG in consultation with the National Museum of Ireland for IAC. The fieldwork took place between the 18 December 2007 and 15 February 2008. The remains of three phases of occupation at the site of Kellymount 5, located beside a small stream, were investigated. The excavation has identified multi-phased activity predominantly dating to the Bronze Age. The earliest activity relates to burnt mound activity with two main areas identified – one in the north-west and one in the east. Probable troughs were recorded in both areas as sub-rectangular and oval cuts with associated pits and deposits of heat-shattered stone in blackened soil. One of the troughs in the north-west was dated to the early Bronze Age 1888–1754BC (UB 14048). The features in the east were not dated but stratigraphic relationships with a subsequent ringditch suggest that they pre-dated the middle Bronze Age period. Further burnt mound activity was recorded in the late Bronze Age but this activity appears to relate to individual troughs and pits with no clear associated mound deposit. One of the later Bronze Age troughs was probably wicker lined as evidenced by stakeholes around the perimeter of its base. This trough fill has been dated to 1010–860BC (UB 14047). A pit in the south-east of the site with associated cremated bone deposits that may relate to further burial or domestic waste was also dated to the late Bronze Age 1023–910BC (UB 14051). Burial activity was recorded in the east of the site where a double ringditch was identified. A cremation pit was recorded in the centre of the ringditch with cremated human remains dating to 1487–1320 BC (middle Bronze Age) (UB 14049). Other pits in the vicinity of the ringditch also had smaller quantities of cremated bone but in most cases none of the bone was identified as human and some cremated animal bone was identified. The animal bone could relate to ceremonial activities associated with the ringditch but may also represent domestic waste/debris. In the south of the site there was a Y-shaped linear ditch which has been dated to the early medieval period AD569–645 (UB 14050). The ditch contained small amounts of slag and some heavily corroded iron pieces, some of which may have been blades. The precise function of the ditch is unclear but the slag and iron objects may indicate small scale smithing in the manufacture and/or repair of everyday items such as knives. No other associated settlement activity dating to the period was recorded on the site. The results of the excavation at Kellymount 5 have presented evidence of activity that is both multi-phased and typologically varied. It is clear that the location of the site was attractive for burnt mound related activities and ceremonial or burial practices throughout the Bronze Age. Further re-use of the site in the early medieval period may relate to more a concentrated settlement beyond the limits of the site. The site is important locally and in the wider region given the variety of the activities and periods of use of the site. The burnt mound activity is significant in that is expands the Kellymount/Jordanstown cluster of burnt mound sites identified during the N9/N10 Phase 4 works. The burial activity is particularly significant in the context of the early Bronze Age burial site at Paulstown 1, c. 1.6km to the south-east and the Kellymount 5 ringditch and cremation represents a continuity of burial activity into the middle Bronze Age in the area. All of the evidence points to a significant community living in the Kellymount/Paulstown environs throughout the Bronze Ag