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Irish Archaeological Consultancy Ltd (IAC), funded by the National Roads Authority (NRA) through Kilkenny County Council, undertook an excavation at the site of AR091, Kilree 1 along the proposed N9/N10 Kilcullen to Waterford Scheme, Phase 4 – Knocktopher to Powerstown (Figure 1). The following report describes the results of archaeological excavation at that site. The area was fully excavated by Patricia Lynch under Ministerial Direction A032 and Excavation Registration Number E3728 issued by the DOEHLG in consultation with the National Museum of Ireland for IAC. The fieldwork took place between the 5 and 10 September 2007. This site was located in a flat field with general views of the surrounding areas. A modern limestone quarry was located to the north-east of the site. As a result of the archaeological testing two pits were initially identified. The area of excavation measured 23.5m x 30m and contained several areas of archaeological potential. The primary feature identified at Kilree 1 was a subrectangular trough with stakeholes in the corners. The stakeholes suggest that the trough was possibly lined, although no definitive lining was recorded during the excavation. A pit, possibly used for dumping domestic waste was also found. The fill of the pit contained cremated animal bone. Overlying the pit, but not within it was a fragment of a saddle quern. It is unlikely that its positioning was coincidental. Two possible hearths were found which are most likely associated with the trough and the waste pit. This section will present the results of the on-site excavation without the data. It should summarise the key phases and elements of activity identified on site. It can be taken from/form the basis of the abstract section, with specialist information and dating added, and will be expanded as necessary and refer to significant contexts mentioned in the specialist reports as necessary. Two samples were sent for radiocarbon dating. The results of the analysis dated hazel charcoal from the fill C4 of a trough. The 2 sigma calibrated date was 1262– 1056BC (UBA 13100) or late Bronze Age. The results of the analysis also dated Pomoideae charcoal from the fill C10 of a pit. The 2 sigma calibrated date was 894– 792BC (UBA 13099), late Bronze Age/early Iron Age. Kilree 1 is an important site locally in terms of our understanding of the wider later Bronze Age landscape. Along with other excavated sites from the N9/N10 Phase 4 it represents the first evidence of prehistoric activity in the immediate area, and in the wider area expands the corpus of information gathered through excavations in Danesfort to the south-west which produced significant prehistoric activity from the Neolithic onwards. The activity at Kilree 1 has been interpreted as burnt mound type activity dated to the later Bronze Age. The site is not located in a typical burnt mound physical setting and there was an absence of an actual mound, although a possible timber lined trough within this environment is significant. A further phase of activity in the form of a small waste pit dated to the later Bronze Age/early Iron Age could suggest that a domestic settlement is located nearby. In this regard the site also provides an interesting insight into the variety of site types and features associated with burnt mounds and hot-stone technology.