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This report comprises the final results of the archaeological excavation of AR045, in the townland of Coolmore, Co. Kilkenny. This excavation was undertaken as part of the archaeological programme for the Waterford to Knocktopher section of the N9/N10 Kilcullen to Waterford Scheme, and was conducted by Jonathan Monteith under Ministerial Direction for Valerie J Keeley Ltd, from Monday September 11th until Friday November 3rd 2006. Excavation identified the remains of a prehistoric flat cemetery. An upright bucket-shaped vessel containing the cremated remains of an adult was recovered from the centre of the site. An additional sixteen pits and two surface spreads were also identified filled with charcoal- rich material containing cremated bone and are likely to represent deliberate deposition of token amounts of cremated bone. Several of these features also contained sherds of prehistoric pottery. A further sixty-two cut features variously containing charcoal-rich fills were identified in the immediate vicinity of the cremation features and, while not containing cremated remains, may represent ritual deposits from the cremation pyre. A pit with oxidation along the base, recorded in close vicinity to the cremation pits, may represent the remains of a pyre. Only 16.4% of the total weight of bone was identifiable and none of the elements could be used to accurately predict minimum number of individuals. A number of spreads were also identified which may represent material up-cast from the excavation of cremation features indicating that the site may have been cleared of topsoil before use. Radiocarbon determinations indicate that the site was important for funerary purposes for around 2,500 years. Cremated bone from one of the cremation deposits returned an Early Neolithic date (4049 ? 3971 Cal BC), while a later Neolithic date (3248 ? 3099 Cal BC) was returned from a similar pit. A series of Middle Bronze Age dates were also returned from cremated bone deposits from several other cremation pits, including that contained with the vessel (1458 ? 1386 Cal BC). All archaeological work is now complete for this site and this report constitutes the final report on this excavation. A digital copy of the archive is available at the post excavation offices of Valerie J Keeley Ltd., Brehon House, Kilkenny Road, Castlecomer, Co. Kilkenny. The original paper archive for this excavation will rest with the Road Design Offices of Kilkenny County Council