Total number of assets (1)
This browser does not support viewing this file type. Please download the asset to view.
This report contains the final results of an archaeological excavation carried out as part of the NS Casher Bypass & N74Link Road (03E0378). Site 13 (chainage 6540-6590) was situated in the townland of Monadreela, at the base of the south-east facing slope of the Monadreela/Boscabell hillside, and overlooked by Ballyknock Hill, a prominent landmark in the Cashel area. To the east of the site was situated a low lying area of ground prone to flooding. On Site 13 there were two unlined, earth-cut pits spaced 2 m apart. The basal fill of pit (83) had a polished stone axe, sherds from 10 Beakers, worked flint (debitage too), burnt clay, possible slag, a hammerstone, quartz, plus charcoal of hazel, alder, oak, ash with barley and crab-apples. The 15.3g of burnt bone was identified as animal. Hazel charcoal from basal fill (85) was dated 2457-2204 cal BC. The pit was then sealed (very quickly), and from this upper deposit (84), further alder, oak, cherry-type, ash, hazelnuts and pomaceous was found. The excavator originally thought the pit was a burial, and that one irregular pit edge had held a post. The second pit  had a basal fill (99) from which alder charcoal was dated 2334-2140 cal BC. Also it contained worked flint, burnt clay, evidence of another two Beakers (different to the other 10), emmer, barley, oat and oat chaff, plus oak, hazel and ash. This deposit was sealed (again, very quickly) by a deeper deposit (87) containing hazelnuts, oak, ash and alder. This later deposit had ash charcoal dated 2467— 2236 cal BC. This pit contained no burnt bones. All the evidence points to domestic refuse pits. Both were found only 2 m from the edge of the road-take so there must be a significant Copper Age settlement upslope at Monadreela. There are abundant contemporary sites around Cashel too. Two other features dated from 299—1059 BC (UBA- 13734) and the very beginnings Of the Iron Age in the Cashel area, 806-598 BC (UBA-13735). The remaining features on site were undated; some of these had characteristics commonly found in prehistoric features around Cashel, but other undated features could be associated with the nearby 18th/early 19th century homestead, excavated as Site 14. Due to the archaeological discoveries along the edge of the Monadreela hillside, it is a recommendation in this report that the fields surrounding the site be subject to archaeological investigations prior to any proposed developments taking place. These fields should also be field-walked for research purposes should the land use ever revert to tillage.