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This is a final report of an archaeological excavation at Grange 2 which was located on the route of the M3 Navan–Kells & Kells Bypass (Archaeological Services Contract 4) of the M3 Clonee–North of Kells Motorway Scheme, County Meath. The excavation was carried out by Dr. Amanda Kelly of Irish Archaeological Consultancy Ltd on behalf of Meath County Council and the National Roads Authority. The work was carried out under Ministerial Direction No. A029/006 and National Monuments Service (NMS) Excavation Registration No. E3124 which were received from the DoEHLG in consultation with the National Museum of Ireland. The fieldwork took place between 16 June 2006 – 14 July 2006. A total area of 805m2 was opened around Grange 2 to reveal the archaeological features that were identified at the site during archaeological testing under licence 04E0925. Three phases of archaeological activity were identified on site. The earliest phas comprised limited evidence of early Neolithic activity in the form of two pits (3654–352 BC) (QUB Appendix 2.10). Sherds of early Neolithic carinated bowl pottery and th only flints from the site were recovered from these pits. This was followed b metalworking activity in the Iron Age (Phase 2) which is likely to have been associate with furnace pits excavated on the adjacent site of Grange 3 (E3123: Kelly 2010a (Figure 7). One plain blue glass bead was recovered from a pit which returned a date i the Iron Age (46 BC–AD 56). The transitional period from late Iron Age to early medieval was represented by eight graves oriented west–east with the crania to the west (Phase 3). Three of the burials were dated (two by skeletal remains and one by a charred hazelnut shell included in the grave fill) and they returned similar dates (AD 431–571, AD 424–568, AD 432– 591) (QUB Appendix 2.10). Human skeletal material was only recovered from seven of the graves, although it is thought that the eighth grave is also likely to have contained human remains which did not survive. The majority of graves contained only severely fragmented and poorly preserved remains and Skeleton 4 (grave cut C73) survived as tooth enamel „shadows? only (Coughlan, Appendix 2.9). A shaft furnace associated with a large quantity of iron smelting slags returned two dates in the Iron Age and the late Iron Age/early medieval transition (AD 257–409: from Context 37 and AD 427–554: from Context 78) (QUB Appendix 2.10). Lyons suggests that the latter of the two dates, which came from a basal fill containing a large quantity of carbonised cereal grains, is thought to be a reliable indication of possible cereal drying activity that took place within the feature prior to it being used as a shaft furnace (see Lyons Appendix 2.6, section 4.2). This is, however, a problematic reading as it does not incorporate an earlier date supplied by an oak sample, which also comes from a central fill (Context 37). It is possible that the latter date is inaccurate and the result of “old wood effect”; however, alternatively Lyons does concede that soils from a number of sources may have been used as padding or levelling deposits within the shaft furnace cut to facilitate its construction (see Lyons Appendix 2.6). Nonetheless, the discovery of this shaft furnace is highly significant due to the fact that, to date it is the only excavated furnace from Ireland with a well preserved sunken clay shaft feature intact (Wallace and Anguilano, Appendix 2.11). Analysis of charcoal from Grange 2 indicated that the site was located close to a mosaic of different woodland types when the site was in use. The results were dominated by hazel and oak, which were identified from each time period and compare well with the results from the adjacent site of Grange 3 (E3123), where oak was the most frequently identified wood taxa (O?Donnell, Appendix 2.5). This site is closely linked with the adjacent site of Grange 3 (Kelly 2010a) and together they create a picture of continuous activity from the middle Bronze Age through to the early medieval period (Figure 7). The excavated remains from this site and the other sites in Grange indicate that this area was the focus of activity over a prolonged period and it is probable that the place held some significance that resulted in it being revisited repeatedly.