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This report presents the final results of an archaeological excavation undertaken at Ballingowan, Co. Kerry, on behalf of Kerry County Council. The works were undertaken as part of Stage (iii) of the Archaeological Services Contract prior to the commencement of construction of the N22 Tralee Bypass/Tralee to Bealagrellagh, Co. Kerry, which extends from Lissatanvally townland to Flemby townland in Co. Kerry. The Minister of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government, following consultation with the National Museum of Ireland, issued Directions to Kerry County Council for archaeological works relating to the road development (Ministerial Directions No. A56). The registration number, [E4288], was allocated by the National Monument Service for archaeological excavations at Ballingowan under the direction of Tony Bartlett of Rubicon Heritage Services Ltd (formerly Headland Archaeology (Ireland) Ltd). Following a route constraints study, and a route appraisal and selection report, an Environmental Impact Study was carried out on the preferred route, including a chapter on archaeology and cultural heritage (Atkins 2008). A number of archaeological and architectural heritage constraints were identified along the route of the road and a number of recommendations were set out for the treatment of the sites and potential sites identified. Included in these recommendations were geophysical survey, test-excavations of the entire route, survey of the townland boundaries, underwater surveys and survey of architectural/built heritage sites, which were completed as part of Stage (i) archaeological work on the scheme (Bartlett et al. 2010a; Harrison 2010; Kieran and Hayden 2010; Long 2010 a-e). Archaeological test trenching along the entire route (including Wetland Test Excavation) was carried out by Rubicon Heritage Services Ltd on behalf of Kerry County Council between 9 August 2010 and 3 September 2010 under Excavation Registration Number E4149. Additional testing was undertaken in wetland areas between 22 September and 1 October 2010 under the same licence number. Due to the number and size of powerline exclusion zones test trenching was undertaken in exclusion zones between 29 September and 15 October 2010. The test excavations at Ballingowan under Registration number E4149 identified four areas of archaeological potential (Ballingowan 1-4) spread over four adjoining fields (Bartlett et al. 2010a). The entire area was subsequently highlighted for topsoil stripping and further investigation as part of Stage (ii). Stage (ii) stripping, cleaning and mapping of all areas of archaeological potential identified during test trenching was carried out by Rubicon Heritage Services Ltd on behalf of Kerry County Council between 30 August and 13 October 2010 (Bartlett et al. 2010b). Stage (ii) works at Ballingowan (1-4) identified a large number of features spread across the four adjoining field, mainly indicating settlement in the form of post and stake-holes, but also evidence of possible kilns, metal-working, linear features and a double row of large posts (Bartlett et al. 2010b). At this point it was apparent that the area should be viewed as a whole and the four areas were merged into one site ?Ballingowan 1. Full archaeological excavation was undertaken at the site between the 24 January and 2 March 2011; a preliminary report on the results of the excavation was submitted in August 2010 (Long 2011). The three areas of excavation measured 29007 m2 in total, revealing an extensive spread of archaeology principally dating to the later prehistoric period. Excavation confirmed the presence of seven phases of activity: ú Phase I ú Phase IV Early Iron Age ? Evidence for grain storage ú Phase V Developed Iron Age ? Metal working ú Phase VI Late Iron Age ? a possible rectangular structure ú Phase VII Early Medieval ? a possible round house and kilnEarly Bronze Age including a roundhouse and a potential ritual avenue ú Phase II Middle Bronze Age ? An enclosed settlement and associated kiln ú Phase III Late Bronze Age ? A droveway