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Archaeological monitoring, under licence number 01El 229 along the route of the South Eastern Motorway was undertaken by Valerie J. Keeley Ltd on behalf of Dun Laoghaire Rathdown, County Council and the National Roads Authority. This monitoring was recommended in Environmental Impact Study, South Eastern Motorway by Valerie J. Keeley Ltd (1994). During the course of this monitoring Mr Gary Conboy discovered four discrete foci of archaeological activity. Full archaeological excavation was undertaken of these four foci between February and May 2002. The four areas were labelled Sites 59-62 and the work was conducted by Valerie J. Keeley Ltd and directed out by Mr C6ilin 0 Drisceoil Following cleaning of the site it was possible to define an area 120m x 20m within the roadtake as being of archaeological significance. Reflecting the concentrations of archaeological activity, the site was divided into two halves - Areas A and B. The vast majority of the archaeology on the site was contained in shallow negative features excavated into the subsoil. These generally reflect the very bases of the deeper elements within the site with the upper levels having been lost to ploughing and the mechanical topsoil stripping that initially revealed the site. Area A contained two structures (Structures 1 and 2), a hearth complex, a cooking pit with an associated post-row, a pit containing a disc-bead necklace and pottery of Early Neolithic type and a separate cremation pit. A series of isolated pits and hearths were also identified. Apart from the necklace and associated pottery only a scatter of lithics was recovered from the area. Within Area B three structures were recorded adjacent to a waterhole, a large rectangular post-enclosure, a hearth complex and the base of an iron smelting furnace. Structure 3 may have been a sheltered flint-knapping area, Structure 4 a rectilinear building and Structure 5 was a single-ring round house that was possibly associated with the large rectangular postð enclosure. Around these were a scatter of postholes and slot-trenches, which probably represent parts of a number of other truncated buildings. Finds from Area B were mostly in the form oflithics with a particular concentration in and around the flint-knapping area. At this stage, and in particular without the benefit of radiocarbon dates, it is difficult to be certain about the chronology of the various elements within the site. What can be stated is that the pit that contained the Neolithic disc-bead necklace and carinated bowl represents the earliest activity on the site. The rectangular building - Structure 4 - may be contemporary given its similar morphology to houses of early Neolithic date. Lithics of diagnostic early Bronze Age date were recovered from the knapping shelter - Structure 3- and accordingly the roundhouse and nearby enclosure may be contemporary. On the other hand, the presence of an adjacent iron-smelting pit of Iron Age/Early Medieval type could point to them being of this later age. In any case, it is clear that Carrickmines Great was a place that was used for settlement intennittently over at least four millennia. NOTE: GRID REFERENCES WERE NOT PROVIDED IN THE REPORT. THE GRID REFERENCES INCLUDED IN THE METADATA WERE TAKEN FROM A MONITORING REPORT 01E1229