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The proposed M7 Portlaoise to Castletown/M8 Portlaoise to Cullahill Motorway Scheme consists of approximately 41km of motorway and 11km of single dual carriageway commencing to the southwest of the existing Portlaoise Bypass and running in a southern direction tying into the existing N8 at Oldtown. A portion of the scheme runs to the west tying into the existing N7 near Borris-in-Ossory. The Archaeological Works contract is subdivided into three separate contracts. The following report describes the results of archaeological excavation along one section of the planned M8 Portlaoise to Cullahill Motorway Scheme, at Cuffsborough, County Laois, Contract 1. Contract 1 extends from the townland of Gortnaclea to Oldtown and consists of approximately 14km of motorway, which extends from Aghaboe to south of Cullahill through the townlands from Gortnaclea to Oldtown. The site was identified during archaeological testing carried out by Eamonn Cotter of Archaeological Consultancy Services Ltd in March 2005 under ministerial direction (A015/014 and E2130) from The Minister of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government, issued in consultation with the National Museum of Ireland (NMI) issued under Section 14 of the National Monuments (Amendment) Act 2004. Thirty nine trenches were excavated within this field and a cluster of pits were identified. The site was designated Cuffsborough 2. Archaeological resolution of Cuffsborough 2 (A015/087) commenced on the 11th November 2005 by Deirdre Murphy of Archaeological Consultancy Services Ltd. For recording purposes the site was designated the scheme no. A015/087 and record no. E2197. Topsoil stripping revealed a number of pits filled with burnt stone material, postholes, cremations and bird remains. Sherds of pottery (E2197:47:1, E2197:58:1, E2197:60:1-3, E2197:123:1-3) and three fragments of flint were recorded (E2197:1:1, E2197:32:1, E2197:123:4).