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The discovery of a female burial, accompanied by three copper-alloy toe-rings, was made during excavations in Rath townland in County Meath.1 The site was located 0.5 km north of Ashbourne on either side of and adjacent to the current N2 road to Derry (Illus. 1).The excavation was undertaken as part of a programme of archaeological investigations carried out between April and October 2004 in advance of construction of the proposed N2 Finglas–Ashbourne Road Scheme by Cultural Resource Development Services Ltd on behalf of the NRA and Meath County Council. The excavation area was situated on gently sloping terrain with the northern part of the site on the crest of a hill, which extends to the north-west from the excavation area. From the highest point of the site the ground gently slopes to the north, east and, more steeply, south towards a roughly east-flowing stream at the base of the hill. The hilltop possesses excellent views in all directions, with the Dublin Mountains and the Sugarloaf to the south visible on most days. Within the excavation area extensive archaeological activity of mainly Bronze Age and Iron Age date was encountered. Features uncovered on site included possible steam lodges, ring-ditches, three large waterlogged pits, of as yet unknown purpose, and industrial activity. On the highest point of the excavation area three ring-ditches of varying size and shape were discovered and represent a prehistoric cemetery site. Ring-ditches and barrows are a common feature of prehistoric funerary practice in Ireland. Some of these typical Bronze Age to Iron Age burial monuments, so-called ring-barrows, consist of small artificial mounds with a surrounding circular ditch. Some show evidence for external surrounding banks while others only consist of a circular ring-ditch. The evidence for the funerary activity varies in nature from simple cremation pits to cremation urns to inhumations placed in any location in the immediate vicinity of, or even within the enclosing ring- ditch.