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Archaeological excavation of the Newtown 2 site in Newtown townland on the outskirts of Mullingar town, County Westmeath, was undertaken in May and June 2004 in advance of the proposed N52 Mullingar Bypass. The site lay very close to Newtown 3 (Stevens 2005b) and was discovered during archaeological testing of the road scheme by Rob O'Hara (licence number 04E0249). Excavation was carried out by the author under licence number 04E0690 from the Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government and the National Museum of Ireland. Natural topography of the site was an undulating landscape with boggy hollows and drumlins. The site was positioned midway down the east-facing slope overlooking a peat bog to the east, and contained two phases of archaeological activity consisting of a burnt mound and postmedieval ditches and furrows. Phase 1 comprised a small irregular burnt mound deposit consisting of a sandstone-dominated mound of fire-cracked stone, spreading down the east-facing slope mostly towards the boggy ground immediately outside the area of the roadtake. The mound measured 11m (northwest? southeast) by 8.5m by 0.1?0.2m in depth. Charcoal from the mound was identified and revealed evidence of ten species of wood used, and radiocarbon dating produced a date of 1120 ? 850 Cal BC (Beta-202529).Phase 2 comprised a number of later post-medieval features: an undated linear stone-lined drain running along the contour of the slope northeast?southwest, cutting a series of parallel furrows cut perpendicular to the ditch. The site was covered by topsoil and peat at the base of the slope, which contained a large quantity of early modern artefacts including iron slag, nails, eighteenth- or nineteenth-century clay pipes, pottery, glass, slag and animal bone (cattle), suggesting a dump of material across the site to increase fertility of the soil, with the artefacts mixed in with compost and refuse. This was also a feature of the topsoil in Newtown 3. No further archaeological mitigation of the proposed scheme is recommended in this section of the development.