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Pre-construction archaeological testing on the proposed N25 Waterford City Bypass identified an area of high archaeological potential in the form of pits, possible post-holes, burnt mound type material and a flint scraper in Granny townland, County Kilkenny. This work was commissioned by Waterford City Council, the lead authority acting on behalf of Waterford County Council and Kilkenny County Council, and was undertaken by Archaeological Development Services Ltd in 20031 (McLoughlin 2003). An area encompassing almost 11,500 sq m (Site 27) was stripped of topsoil as part of the archaeological resolution between April and June 2004. Two Neolithic structures2 (the first such structures identified in County Kilkenny) with probable associated pits and post-holes (Illus. 2) and possible roasting pits of Early Bronze Age date were fully excavated by Headland Archaeology Ltd. In addition, a large number of anomalous features which did not form any recognisable pattern or structure, and a series of natural geological solution holes were investigated. A small quantity of worked flint and chert as well as prehistoric pottery was recovered from the excavations. A third Neolithic structure3 was excavated in the adjoining townland of Newrath in 2004 (Wren 2004), but is not discussed here.