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This report contains the final results of an archaeological excavation carried out as part of the N8 Cashel Bypass & N74 Link Road (03E0508). Site 23 was situated in the townland of George’s-Land. The site was located in an area of low-lying ground, in pasture at the time of the excavation, with several field boundaries flanked by water-filled ditches, ponds and natural topographic hollows filled by peat, located in the vicinity. Phase 1 investigations comprising of an extensive archaeological test excavation program (under excavation licence No. 03E0508 held by John Kavanagh) were conducted in 2002. Phase 2 archaeological investigations were conducted by Liam Mckinstry for J.C.N.A. Archaeology Ltd on behalf of South Tipperary Co. Council under Excavation Licence No. 03E0508. Phase 1 archaeological testing identified a number of subsoil cut features of archaeological significance including pits, postholes and ditches. The report recommended that further archaeological investigations would be necessary to ascertain the nature and extent of features identified, and to fully resolve those features in advance of road construction. Phase 2 archaeological works were conducted in July 2003 and the subsequent excavation uncovered significant archaeological remains in addition to those previously identified during Phase 1. The archaeological evidence consisted of fulachtaí fia, unworked wood (possibly laid as a working platform), pits, postholes, drains and field boundaries. A significant find was a polished stone axe 03E0508:16 found beneath an Early Bronze Age fulacht fia, where it had been placed on the natural ground surface. Early Bronze Age activity comprised of pyrolytic pits, fulachtaí fia and a possible semi-circular structure with several outlying features. Late Bronze Age activity comprised of three pits filled with pyrolytic material, heat-shattered stones and charcoal, situated adjacent to a peat-filled hollow. Iron Age activity comprised of two pits, a ditch and a spread of pyrolytic material. Post Medieval activity comprised a cobbled area, perhaps associated with a vernacular structure, of which no traces survived. An unusual discovery were abundant butchered cattle lower leg bones (metacarpals & metatarsals) dumped into a hollow from an abattoir in Cashel town. The archaeology identified on this excavation must be read in conjunction with adjacent excavations Sites 22 and 24 in the same field and Sites 20 and 21 in Boscabell in the adjoining field to north (see 03E0470, 03E0480, 03E0503 & 03E0507 Final Reports). Subsequent field walking in the field by the Project Archaeologist has revealed finds such as lithics, rubbing stones, pounders, faceted pebbles, a spindle whorl and sherds of medieval pottery; details of some of these finds have been included in the Site 22 Final Report. It is highly likely that associated archaeological features survive nearby and should the fields be N8 Cashel Bypass & N74 Link Road Final Archaeological Report 03E0508 5 subject to development, it is recommended that advanced archaeological investigations are undertaken as a condition of planning approval being granted.