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Site 4 at Coldwinters, Swords, Co. Dublin, was first identified under the monitoring licence 00E0953, during the topsoil-striping phase of the Airport-Balbriggan Northern Motorway scheme. It was located at National Grid Co-ordinates 319278 251825, and between chainage 9265 and 9365. The excavation was undertaken by archaeologists from Valerie J. Keeley Ltd., between the 10th of September 2001 and the 20th of February 2002, on behalf of Fingal County Council. The excavation was conducted under the license number 99E0548, which is the same number as that issued for the pre-development test-trenching on this site, which was carried out in December 1999. Site 4 at Coldwinters was originally recognised as a potential archaeoloigcal site during the compilation of the Environmental Impact Study (Archeological Report on the Line of the Proposed Noerthern Route Phase II, EIS, V.J. Keeley, July 1994). The site was then designated as Site 14 and was described as a cropmark, identified through aerial photography and through field inspection. The aerial photographs suggested a complex of features, consisting of possible circular and rectangular enclosures between chainage 9,200 and 9,360. The author further investigated the site during archaeological monitoring of the borehole process in the area in October 1998 (Archaeological Bore Hole Monitoring, Northern Motorway, Airport to Balbriggan Bypass, Co. Fingal, 98E479, Hilary Opie for V.J. Keeley Ltd. November 1998). At the time of the monitoring, barley stubble was being burnt off in the field and it was possible to inspect the plough soil. This revealed numerous chunks and chips of unworked flint, and one possible flint core from which blanks may have been struck. As a result of these two reports it was recommended that archaeological investigations be conducted to ascertain the nature and extent of the site. Archaeological test-trenching was carried out between the 8th and the 14th of December 1999 (Archaeological Investigations, Site 14, Coldwinters Airport-Balbriggan Bypass, Co. Dublin, 99E0548, P. Lynch for V.J. Keeley Ltd). Four cuttings were opened and investigated by hand. The use of a machine was not permitted as the aerial photography had suggested the presence of a definite site. This would have allowed for greater coverage of the area and therefore a greater probability of revealing archaeological features. The four cuttings were restricted to 4m x2m each. As there were no upstanding remains the location of the features had to be estimated through maps and aerial photographs, and the cuttings located accordingly at places of optimum potential. Unfortunately, none of the cuttings revealed any finds or features of archaeological significance, and they failed to find evidence of the enclosures. However, a programme of intensive monitoring of this area was recommended for the topsoil-stripping phase, in advance of the road construction. It was during this topsoil stripping that the site was identified in August 2001.