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Irish Archaeological Consultancy Ltd (IAC), funded by the National Roads Authority (NRA) through Kilkenny County Council, undertook an excavation at the site of AR148, Maddockstown 1 along the proposed N9/N10 Kilcullen to Waterford Scheme, Phase 4 – Knocktopher to Powerstown (Figure 1). The following report describes the results of archaeological excavation at that site. The area was fully excavated by Przemyslaw Wierzbicki under Ministerial Direction A032 and Excavation Registration Number E3759 issued by the DOEHLG in consultation with the National Museum of Ireland for IAC. The fieldwork took place between the 24 September and 9 October 2007. The excavation identified a very large burnt mound deposit that sealed a number of features. The most substantial was a very large pit that may have acted as a waterhole or cistern. Adjacent to the water-hole were two troughs. The first was irregular in shape but was broadly sub-circular and contained a number of stakeholes around the perimeter of the base, suggesting that it was once lined. No remains of this lining survived. The second trough was rectangular in plan and showed no evidence of being lined. The other features recorded were a small pit and a postmedieval/ modern drain which cut through the site. The burnt mound continued beyond the excavation limit to the south and it is possible that more features survive beneath it. A total of 2 samples were sent for AMS radiocarbon dating. The results of the analysis dated hazel charcoal from the fill C6 of a trough. The 2 sigma calibrated date was 1000–846BC (UBA 14055). The results of the analysis also dated hazel charcoal from the fill C15 of a pit/waterhole. The 2 sigma calibrated date was 1189– 980BC (UBA 14056). The site at Maddockstown 1 has produced burnt mound activity dating to the late Bronze Age. It is of local importance as it represents the first evidence of late Bronze Age activity in the immediate vicinity. It also adds to our understanding of the development and settlement patterns for the locality in conjunction with other excavated sites and previously recorded monuments. The site may be of further significance in terms of the study of burnt mounds as it is interpreted that this was a possible bathing place, with the large waterhole feature serving as a bath with heated water. It was also potentially a cooking place, based on burnt and un-burnt animal bone remains identified from the site. The radiocarbon dates potentially indicate two separate phases of activity, which is also suggested by the presence of two troughs. This shows a continuity of use at the one burnt mound site, possibly being used for different activities at different times.