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This is a final report of an archaeological excavation at Kilmainham 1C which was located on the route of the M3 Navan–Kells & Kells Bypass (Archaeological Services Contract 4) of the M3 Clonee–North of Kells Motorway Scheme, County Meath. The excavation was carried out by Fintan Walsh of Irish Archaeological Consultancy Ltd on behalf of Meath County Council and the National Roads Authority. The work was carried out under Ministerial Direction No. A029/022 and National Monuments Service (NMS) Excavation Registration No. E3140 which were received from the DoEHLG in consultation with the National Museum of Ireland. The fieldwork took place between 25 September 2006 and 24 March 2007. Excavations at Kilmainham 1C revealed extensive evidence of settlement, ritual and industrial activity dating from the early Neolithic through to the medieval periods. This site was central to a newly discovered prehistoric landscape (McLoughlin and Walsh 2008) which included numerous early Neolithic and Bronze Age settlement sites in the hinterlands of Kells town. Ten phases of archaeological activity including six Neolithic/Bronze Age phases, phases of Iron Age/early medieval activity and a medieval and post-medieval phase were recorded at Kilmainham 1C throughout an area measuring c. 21,330m². Numerous Neolithic and Bronze Age structures including at least three early Neolithic houses, a Bronze Age stone platform, stakehole ‘fences’, numerous pits, hearths, burnt mounds, a pond, and boundary ditches were identified. The Iron Age–early medieval phase was primarily concerned with agriculture and industry while there was burial and possible ritual activity dating to this period also. A series of 11 cereal- drying kilns, plus one possible additional kiln, were in use at this time, while a long boundary ditch, which traversed the entire site, partially enclosed the entire eastern half of the site. Two Iron Age–early medieval burials, positioned on the cusp of a gravel ridge in the centre of the site, were perhaps associated with a large rectangular structure, which has been tentatively interpreted as a sanctuary enclosure or shrine. A number of large medieval pits and numerous post-medieval furrows defined the later phases at this important archaeological site.