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This site is situated in the townland of Johnstown, southwest of the town of Enfield on the Edenderry road. The archaeological excavation was carried out by Archaeological Consultancy Services Ltd on behalf of Westmeath County Council and was funded by the National Roads Authority in advance of the construction of the new M4 Kinnegad–Enfield–Kilcock Motorway Scheme. This site was identified during an initial paper survey by Valerie. J. Keeley Ltd in 2000 as an oval or subrectangular level area, slightly higher than the land to the north and west, defined on the east by a low ridge 3m wide and 30m long. It was known locally as a cíllín burial ground which was normally used for unbaptised children. The site is known as “Scaruppa” (pers comm Mr John Daly of Enfield). A geophysical survey of this site was carried out from 21st to 30th January 2002. The geophysical survey detected a large double ditched enclosure, situated on the flat top of a low rise in the middle of the field. The enclosure was located c.20m northwest of the area which was known locally as the cíllín burial ground. The survey also showed the position of several former field boundaries and the remains of heavy ploughing (burials cannot easily be detected via geophysics). The site was subsequently archaeologically assessed which resulted in the excavation of four test trenches within the site. The test trenches confirmed the presence of all the cut features (i.e. enclosure ditches) which were identified via the aerial survey and the geophysical survey and confirmed the presence of burials within the site. A large-scale archaeological excavation with a team of 30–60 people was subsequently carried out on this site from 22nd April to 16th October 2002. The excavation revealed this site to be an extensive burial site which was used concurrently as a settlement and industrial site. This site may or may not be an ecclesiastical site. Aside from the burials contained within successive phases of enclosures there were no features within this site to suggest that it was an ecclesiastical site. There was no evidence for a church or similar structures on the site (high cross etc.). The occurrence of burials alongside settlement and industrial activity, the possible remains of a watermill and the fact that burials are not generally inserted into ancestral mounds after the 7th-8th century unless the site acquired a church could suggest an ecclesiastical presence.