The N9/N10 Kilcullen to Waterford Road Scheme, of which the Kilcullen to Powerstown Scheme forms part, was proposed as a High Quality Dual Carriageway/Motorway, forming the Major Inter Urban route between Dublin and Waterford. The Kilcullen to Powerstown Scheme was advanced as a single entity up to the Compulsory Purchase Order/Environmental Impact Statement and was subsequently divided into two separate construction contracts: the Carlow By?pass (Phase 1) and the Kilcullen to Carlow Scheme (Phase 3). Kildare County Council, National Roads Design Office, has responsibility for overseeing the project management of these two schemes. The entire road scheme from Kilcullen to Waterford has now been designated as Motorway. An Environmental Impact Assessment was published in 2003 for the Kilcullen to Powerstown Scheme, with Valerie J Keeley Ltd preparing the Archaeological, Architectural and Cultural Heritage Assessment. This formed Chapter 10 of the EIS produced by the Roughan and O’Donovan ? Faber Maunsell Alliance. Geophysical prospection was carried out on certain areas of high archaeological potential by Bartlett?Clark Consultancy as part of the Environmental Impact Assessment, on behalf of Valerie J. Keeley Ltd/Kildare County Council. Construction commenced on Phase 1, the Carlow By?pass, in January 2006 and the road was completed and opened in May 2008. Construction of Phase 3, the Kilcullen to Carlow Scheme, which also includes a new single carriage link road to Athy town, commenced in January 2008. Archaeological test?trenching was undertaken in advance of Phase 1, the Carlow By?pass, by Headland Archaeology Ltd between June and August 2005 (Archaeological Services Contract 3). This work identified 64 archaeological sites, which required archaeological excavation in advance of road construction. The resolution works for these sites were undertaken by Headland Archaeology Ltd between January and August 2006 (Archaeological Services Contract 4). This report details the results of one of those excavations, undertaken under NMSR Number E2581. Archaeological test?trenching was undertaken in advance of the construction of Phase 3, the Kilcullen to Carlow Scheme, by IAC Ltd and CRDS Ltd, between October to November 2005 and May to August 2006 (Archaeological Services Contracts 1 and 2, respectively). This work resulted in the identification of 102 archaeological sites, which required resolution in advance of construction. The resolution works for these sites were undertaken by Headland Archaeology Ltd between March and December 2007 (Archaeological Services Contracts 5 and 6). The project was funded by the Irish Government and the European Union through Kildare County Council/National Roads Authority, under the National Development Plan 2000?2006 and 2007?2013. Construction Phases 2 and 4 relate to the section of road between Powerstown, Co. Carlow and the Waterford city By?pass and are project managed by Waterford County Council, National Roads Design Office. This site was one of a group of sites located in Busherstown townland which were grouped together through proximity and were archaeologically resolved concurrently. This group includes those excavated under licenses E2578, E2579, E2580, E2582, E2587 and the present site, E2581.