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Irish Archaeological Consultancy Ltd (IAC), funded by the National Roads Authority (NRA) through Kilkenny County Council, undertook an excavation at the site of AR066, Tinvaun 4 along the proposed N9/N10 Kilcullen to Waterford Scheme, Phase 4 – Knocktopher to Powerstown (Figure 1). The following report describes the results of archaeological excavation at that site. The area was fully excavated by James Kyle under Ministerial Direction A032 and Excavation Registration Number E3609 issued by the DOEHLG in consultation with the National Museum of Ireland for IAC. The fieldwork took place between the 16 and 23 August 2007. The site comprised a mixture of medieval and post-medieval features. The medieval features included a pit of medieval date that was 0.3m in depth and contained Leinster cookware and some potential Ham Green-type wares in its fill, a very shallow potential hearth which was unenclosed and a possible waste pit. The post-medieval features were primarily connected with agricultural practices; these were mostly furrows on a north–south orientation and varying between 0.4m and 0.9m in width, with the widest furrows potentially being spade cut. In addition to these and of a comparable date was a north–south-oriented boundary ditch 1.8m in width and 0.35m in depth, with simple stratigraphy. A series of six pits spread over the site in a random fashion, most of which were quite shallow and seemingly truncated (0.1–0.2m in depth) were of unknown date or function. The recorded archaeology at Tinvaun 4 has been dated to the medieval period on the basis of analysis of the pottery assemblage. The site is directly associated with medieval features identified at the adjacent site of Tinvaun 3. The activity at both sites is likely to be ephemeral to a larger, as yet undiscovered, site of medieval domestic settlement that probably survives beyond the limits of the new road. While the excavated archaeology is limited, the site is important locally when viewed in conjunction with Tinvaun 3 as it shows a continuity of domestic settlement from the early medieval period in the immediate vicinity. It also provides evidence of rural medieval farmsteads to compliment the previously known archaeology from the surrounding urban medieval centres at Kells, Knocktopher, Thomastown and Newtown Jerpoint