This final report presents the results of archaeological investigations carried out on behalf of Kildare County Council and the National Roads Authority as part of Archaeological Services Contract No. 4 ? Resolution, Prumplestown to Powerstown, prior to the commencement of construction on this section of the N9/N10 Kilcullen to Waterford Scheme: Kilcullen to Powerstown. The work was undertaken under National Monuments Section Registration Number E2611 in the Townland of Ballybannon, Co. Carlow. The Minister for the Environment, Heritage and Local Government, following consultation with the National Museum of Ireland, directed that Linda Hegarty of Headland Archaeology Ltd should proceed with archaeological resolution. Archaeological testing carried out under Archaeological Services Contract, Test Excavations Contract 3, Prumplestown to Powerstown under Ministerial Direction Number A021/053 on this site on 14 July 2005 identified two pits and a number of possible drainage ditches. One prehistoric pottery sherd (A021/053:4166:024) was recovered from a pit (A021/053:4165) that had evidence of in situ burning (Hackett and Hughes 2005, 11). Full archaeological resolution was conducted on this site on 19 – 22 June 2006. This revealed the remains of cultivation furrows, a possible post?medieval field system and a small spread of burnt debris. The two pits discovered during testing were not located. One was destroyed by geological testing and the other had been disturbed by the digging of a rubbish pit containing modern debris (Plate 1) sometime between the testing and resolution phase.