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The N22 Ballincollig Bypass scheme involves the construction of a new dual carriageway between Bishopstown (Ballinaspig More townland) and Ovens (Knockanemore townland) and covers an area of 750,000 square metres. A programme of advance archaeological investigation was undertaken prior to construction under licence number 01E0546 and involved excavating a 2m wide test trench along the centre line of the proposed route with offset trenches to the edge of the road-take every 25m on alternate sides. In addition to the five sites of archaeological potential identified through the archaeological impact assessment, eleven sites identified during the course of this investigation were subsequently excavated. Archaeological monitoring of the main engineering earthworks programme commenced in March 2002, under licence number 02E0058. During the course of monitoring, an archaeological site was exposed at Ballinaspig More townland, which was designated as Ballinaspig More 5. The subsequent excavation, under licence no. 02E1033, revealed a multi-phased site with remnants of human activity dating from the Neolithic onwards. The Early Neolithic, Iron Age and Post-medieval were the periods best represented with many of the features within the site being associated with structural and habitational evidence. The Neolithic was represented by clusters of pits and postholes, the Iron Age by two timber structures and the Post-medieval by a vernacular cottage with associated yard as well as a series of field drains and cultivation furrows. Trace elements of a Final Neolithic/Early Bronze Age as well as a Middle Bronze Age presence were also uncovered, and included hearths and pits containing diagnostic pottery. A number of these features were located in the vicinity of the smaller of the two Iron Age structures. Analysis of environmental samples from the site revealed charred cereal grains, mainly seeds of barley and wheat. The finds assemblage from the site consisted of prehistoric pottery, both Neolithic and Bronze Age, chipped and ground stone artefacts as well as various post-medieval items. Analysis of charcoal retrieved from the site revealed that a wide variety of wood species were exploited. Carbon dating of seven samples returned four Neolithic, a Bronze Age and two Iron Age dates. NOTE: COORDINATES HAVE BEEN ADJUSTED SLIGHLTY IN THE METADATA TO BETTER REFLECT THE LOCATION OF THE SITE.