Total number of assets (1)
This browser does not support viewing this file type. Please download the asset to view.
Irish Archaeological Consultancy Ltd (IAC), funded by the National Roads Authority (NRA) through Kilkenny County Council, undertook an excavation at the site of AR115, Ballinvally 1 along the proposed N9/N10 Kilcullen to Waterford Scheme, Phase 4 – Knocktopher to Powerstown (Figure 1). The following report describes the results of archaeological excavation at that site. The area was fully excavated by Emma Devine under Ministerial Direction A032 and Excavation Registration Number E3836 issued by the DOEHLG in consultation with the National Museum of Ireland for IAC. The fieldwork took place between the 7 and 23 January 2008. A possible pit with an associated hearth and stakeholes, and two silted deposits, and a pit containing burnt stones were identified at Ballinvally 1. Nothing chronologically diagnostic was recovered during excavation from any of the features and it was not possible to identify the majority of the burnt bone as human or animal. The excavation produced dispersed isolated features dated to the Bronze and Iron Ages. In the north of the site, adjacent to the edge of the C.P.O. a small pit filled with material similar to burnt mound deposits was identified. It is possible that further associated features survive beyond the limit of the excavation but no other associated features were recorded within the site. The pit was dated to the end of the early Bronze Age period. In the centre of the site, a small hearth consisting of ashy deposits and fire reddened soil was identified adjacent to a pit which contained burnt bone and charcoal fragments in its fill. A small possible windbreak was identified by some stakeholes in the vicinity of the hearth and pit. Other isolated small spread/deposits and an irregular pit cannot be directly associated with either phase of activity and may not be of archaeological significance. A total of 2 samples were sent for AMS radiocarbon dating. The results of the analysis dated ash charcoal from the fill C9 of a trough. The 2 sigma calibrated date was 1894–1743BC (UBA 15410). The results of the analysis also dated young oak charcoal from the fill C15 of a pit. The 2 sigma calibrated date was 166BC–AD15 (UBA 15411). Ballinvally 1 is an important site locally as it presents the first evidence in the immediate area for Bronze Age or Iron Age activity. The nature of the archaeological features is isolated and in this regard they do not have a particular archaeological significance. The archaeological features identified on this site are sporadic and transient; they are probably peripheral to other more clearly defined hubs of prehistoric activity in the area.