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Irish Archaeological Consultancy Ltd (IAC), funded by the National Roads Authority (NRA) through Kilkenny County Council, undertook an excavation at the site of AR109, Blanchvillespark 3 along the proposed N9/N10 Kilcullen to Waterford Scheme, Phase 4 – Knocktopher to Powerstown (Figure 1). The following report describes the results of archaeological excavation at that site. The area was fully excavated by Tim Coughlan under Ministerial Direction A032 and Excavation Registration Number E3913 issued by the DOEHLG in consultation with the National Museum of Ireland for IAC. The fieldwork took place between the 21 December 2007 and 18 January 2008. The site consisted of 3 separate areas of activity. Area A contained several small spreads of burnt mound material, and one pit which was truncated by two linear features, possibly relating to modern agricultural activity. Area B contained a small pit with three fills, including burnt mound material. A spread of similar material was noted adjacent to the pit. Area C contained a large shallow feature (at least 10m by 5m by 0.55m average depth) that was identified within the centre of the site which may have formed part of a paleo-channel associated with a stream to the north-east of the site. It contained a number of fills, most of which were sterile silting deposits. However, burnt mound material had been deposited into this feature along the northern edge. Immediately to the north of this feature was Structure 1 which consisted of 21 post and slot holes. These were arranged in a sub-rectangular plan (4m by 2m) within a larger hollow/depression which may or may not have been natural. A possible entrance was located in the east wall of the structure and there was a small possible annex to the north of this. A pit/trough was located internally within the Structure. A hearth was discovered 2m to the east of the Structure. The structure was sealed by a deposit of burnt mound material characterised by heat-affected stones and charcoal. It is felt that this may represent a sweathouse, with heated stones from the hearth being placed into water within the internal trough to create steam. The site was dated to the middle-late Bronze Age. A sample of willow charcoal from pit fill C28 returned a 2 sigma calibrated date of 1426–1297BC (UBA 12224). A sample of spindle charcoal from posthole fill C76 returned a 2 sigma calibrated date of 1412–1269BC (UBA 12225). A sample of hazel charcoal from pit fill C79 returned a 2 sigma calibrated date of 1400–1268BC (UBA 12226). The site at Blanchvillespark 3 was potentially a bathing place. This is significant in terms of our wider understanding of the function of fulachta fiadh/burnt mounds. It has been identified that this site type can have many functions and often the precise nature of the activity at excavated burnt mounds is unclear. The results of excavations at Blanchvillespark 3 indicate that these varying functions can potentially occur in tandem when we consider the simpler trough and spread from Area A in conjunction with the extensive sweathouse structure. Blanchvillespark 3 is an important site locally as it represents the first evidence of middle-late Bronze Age activity in the immediate area. It is however also of regional and national significance based on the nature of the burnt mound activity identified at the site. A number of potential sweathouses and bathing sites have been confirmed from recent excavations of burnt mounds across the country and the results of the Blanchvillespark 3 excavation will significantly add to the further study, analysis and understanding of the varied function and form of burnt mound sites.