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This report presents the final results of an archaeological excavation at Rathgaroge, Co. Wexford, undertaken on behalf of Wexford County Council. The works were undertaken as part of Stages (iii)? (iv) of the Archaeological Services Contract prior to the commencement of construction of the N25 New Ross Bypass Road Scheme, which extends from Cappagh townland in Co. Kilkenny to Knockroe townland in Co. Wexford. The Minister of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government, following consultation with the National Museum of Ireland, issued Directions to Wexford County Council on 30 November 2009 for archaeological works relating to the road development. The registration number, E4130, was allocated by the Department for archaeological excavations at Rathgaroge 1 under the direction of Liam Hackett of Headland Archaeology (Ireland) Ltd. Following a constraint study and a route selection report, an Environmental Impact Study (EIS) was carried out on the preferred route, including chapters on the archaeological and architectural heritage (CRDS Ltd 2007a; 2007b). The EIS included recommendations for test?excavations along the entire route, survey of the townland boundaries and survey of a number of architectural/built heritage sites, which are to be done as part of Stage (i) work. This report presents the results of all these investigations. Archaeological test trenching of the route (including Wetland Test Excavation) was carried out by Headland Archaeology (Ireland) Ltd on behalf of Wexford County Council between 30 November and 18 December 2009 under Excavation Registration Number E4067. Access was not granted for the section of the route to the west of the River Suir at this time and no archaeological test trenching has been carried out in that area to date. The test excavations at Rathgaroge 1 identified a spread of burnt mound material measuring 8.90 m (east/west) by 16 m by 0.30 m deep (Doyle et al. 2010). Stage (ii) stripping, cleaning and mapping of all areas of archaeological potential identified during test trenching was carried out by Headland Archaeology (Ireland) Ltd on behalf of Wexford County Council between 7 April and 30 April 2010. Stage (ii) works at Rathgaroge 1 re?identified the burnt mound material. A possible trough and a pit were also identified. Full archaeological excavation was undertaken at the site between 9 and 15 June 2010; a preliminary report on the results of the excavation was submitted in August 2010. The area of excavation measured 513 m² revealing two phases of activity. Phase I was represented by a Middle to Late Bronze Age burnt mound and its associated components; while Phase II comprised numerous post?medieval plough furrows. Phase I represents the earliest activity identified at Rathgaroge 1. It was characterised by a trough, a natural hollow and a burnt mound. The trough was located approximately 2.60 m to the south of the northern limits of excavation. It was sub?rectangular and measured 2.50 m in length (north?west–southeast), 1.90 m in width and 0.70 m in depth. Five stakeholes were identified in the base of the trough, one in the east, northwest and west corners and two in the south?eastern corner. These features varied from circular to irregular in plan, with average dimensions of 0.10 m by 0.07 m by 0.27 m deep; their fills contained inclusions of oak and non?oak charcoal. A deposit of black oak charcoal, measuring 0.41 m in length, 0.04 m in width and 0.09 m in depth, extended for approximately 0.45 m in a south?eastern direction from the easternmost stakehole. This deposit was confined to an oblong?shaped, horizontal depression along the south?eastern wall of the trough cut and may be representative of a trough?lining. Overlying these features were the fills of the trough. These contained varying quantities of oak and non?oak charcoal, unburnt granite and shale rocks. A further four possible stakeholes were located adjacent to the top of the trough cut on the south?east side. These were circular to irregular in plan, measuring 0.07 m in length, 0.05 m in width and 0.09 m in depth on average; their fills were archaeologically sterile. A large natural hollow, measuring approximately 8.80 m (east–west) by 4.80 m by 0.40 m deep, was located directly to the west?southwest of the trough. This feature seemed to have been utilised to dump some of the waste material from the burnt mound activity; this material contained inclusions of charcoal and heat?affected stone. A large concentration of medium? to large?sized rocks constituted the upper layer within this hollow. The proximity of these rocks to the trough may suggest that they were associated with the use of the burnt mound. Overlying the aforementioned features was a large burnt mound. This comprised two deposits of silty sand, containing inclusions of heat?affected stone, gravel and oak and ash charcoal inclusions; they measured 4.30–8.80 m in length, 2.90– 6.40 m in width and 0.10–0.19 m in thickness. An isolated pit of uncertain date and function was identified over 10 m to the southeast of the trough. This feature was sub?circular in plan – measuring 1.89 m in length (north?west–south?east), 1.62 m in width and 0.32 m in depth – and contained inclusions of large?sized stones and lenses of redeposited natural. The second phase of activity at Rathgaroge 1 was represented by two post?medieval plough furrows, a stone?filled drain and a linear feature. The plough furrows were linear in plan, with average dimensions of 5.62 m long (north?east–south?west), 0.94 m wide and 0.11 m deep; their fills contained inclusions of charcoal and heat?affected stone, which likely derived from the burnt mound activity situated to the west. The stone?filled drain extended from the south?eastern limits of excavation in a north?west–southeast direction and measured 7 m in length, 0.77 m in width and 0.34 m in depth; its fill was archaeologically sterile. The linear feature was located directly to the northwest of this. It measured 6.50 m (east–west) by 1.60 m by 0.30 m deep and contained an archaeologically sterile fill. A single radiocarbon date was returned from ash charcoal recovered from the main burnt mound deposit. This produced a Middle to Late Bronze Age date range of 1210–1000 cal. BC (SUERC?35243). Charcoal fragments were the only palaeoenvironmental material recovered from the excavation, with analysis indicating that dryland woodland – in particular oak – was used as a fuel source; small quantities of other taxa were also present, including ash and alder. Ring curvature suggested that large to medium branch woods were utilised, possibly indicating pollarding activity was taking place; while a number of the samples had evidence of fungal hyphae, suggesting that dead wood was also used for fuel.