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Irish Archaeological Consultancy Ltd (IAC), funded by the National Roads Authority (NRA) through Kilkenny County Council, undertook an excavation at the site of AR092, Kilree 2 along the proposed N9/N10 Kilcullen to Waterford Scheme, Phase 4 – Knocktopher to Powerstown (Figure 1). The following report describes the results of archaeological excavation at that site. The area was fully excavated by Patricia Lynch under Ministerial Direction A032 and Excavation Registration Number E3729 issued by the DOEHLG in consultation with the National Museum of Ireland for IAC. The fieldwork took place between the 5 and 10 September 2007. The site of Kilree 2, AR092, was located in a flat field with general views of the surrounding areas. A modern limestone quarry was located to the north-east of the site. An isolated circular pit feature was initially identified during testing. The area of excavation measured 33m x 27m. The excavation identified features associated with post-medieval and modern agricultural activity. The features identified consisted of two perpendicular linear, possible drainage channels, a pit with burnt bone fragments and charcoal-rich material, and two possible hearths that were cut into one of the drains. A linear field boundary was also noted. It had originally been interpreted that cremated bone within the fill of the pit may have indicated the presence of a prehistoric cremation pit. However, the burnt bone have been identified as being animal remains and not human. Furthermore post-medieval pottery sherds from the upper part of the fill indicate that it is not prehistoric. Radiocarbon dating of charcoal from the hearth fills has shown that these are postmedieval or modern in date and there is no evidence for prehistoric activity on the site. A sample of Furze twig charcoal from hearth fill C6 was sent for radiocarbon dating and returned a 2 sigma calibrated date of AD1655–1951 (UBA 13101). A sample of Prunus charcoal from hearth fill C4 was sent for radiocarbon dating and returned a 2 sigma calibrated date of AD1688–1953 (UBA 13102). The burnt bone is likely associated with dumping of domestic waste. The presence of cereal grains within some of the samples can be attributed to the fact that the current landscape is intensively used for tillage. Glazed red earthenware or 'brownwares' were made widely in Britain and Ireland from the later 17th century through to the 19th century and were identified as the main pottery type on the site. They are commonly identified within topsoil and in the fills of post-medieval features on sites across the country and almost half of the Kilree 2 assemblage were recovered from the topsoil. The historic mapping shows small farmsteads in the wider area but there is no obvious settlement in the immediate vicinity of Kilree 2 during this time.