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Irish Archaeological Consultancy Ltd (IAC), funded by the National Roads Authority (NRA) through Kilkenny County Council, undertook an excavation at the site of AR071, Kellsgrange 1 along the proposed N9/N10 Kilcullen to Waterford Scheme, Phase 4 – Knocktopher to Powerstown (Figure 1). The following report describes the results of archaeological excavation at that site. The area was fully excavated by James Kyle under Ministerial Direction A032 and Excavation Registration Number E3575 issued by the DOEHLG in consultation with the National Museum of Ireland for IAC. The fieldwork took place between the 9 and 27 July 2007. The site comprised various features associated with a farmstead and related to farming. Medieval activity on the site consisted of a field system consisting of probable boundary ditches and an associated linear furrow. They were dated to the medieval period by the presence of medieval pottery in their fills. Post medieval activity on the site consisted of further linear drains, ditches and furrows. A number of derelict buildings were located in the western area of the site and these have been reported on in detail in a separate Architectural Heritage Survey by Rob Goodbody (2009). The remnants and foundations of a number of structural elements were recorded during the excavation including a cistern, stone floor surfaces, a possible barn and evidence of possible fixings for machinery. Artefacts from the site consisted of medieval and post-medieval pottery sherds. The excavation at Kellsgrange 1 has identified remains of a small farmstead dating from the post-medieval period that was abandoned in the modern era. In conjunction with the detailed built heritage report on the site by Rob Goodbody, the findings represent an important local record of the development of farmsteads in the area. The possibility of a larger medieval settlement or farmstead surviving in proximity to the site is of potentially greater archaeological interest. The location of such a medieval site is unknown and is evidenced primarily by medieval pottery sherds within some of the features at Kellsgrange 1. It is clear that the area has been farmed since the early medieval period based on cereal drying kilns identified at Kellsgrange 3 to the north and the presence of a field system to the north-west - KK027-017, and the site represents a continuation of these activities into the modern era.