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Irish Archaeological Consultancy Ltd (IAC), funded by the National Roads Authority (NRA) through Kilkenny County Council, undertook an excavation at the site of AR140, Coolnakisha 2 along the proposed N9/N10 Kilcullen to Waterford Scheme, Phase 4 – Knocktopher to Powerstown (Figure 1). The following report describes the results of archaeological excavation at that site. The area was fully excavated by Ellen O’ Carroll under Ministerial Direction A032 and Excavation Registration Number E3767 issued by the DOEHLG in consultation with the National Museum of Ireland for IAC. The fieldwork took place between the 29 October and 2 November 2007. The excavation at Coolnakisha 2 has identified a number of pits and possible pits that have been dated to the late Neolithic and middle Bronze Age periods. The pits were divided into two main groups one in the southern half and one in the northern half of the site. Two of the pits in the southern half were dated to the late Neolithic period with one of these containing prehistoric pottery fragments – possibly Neolithic or Bronze Age. One of the pits in the northern half of the site contained 291.2g of cremated bone. Fragments of long bone and skull were identified suggesting that this was the location of a cremation burial. The relatively small quantity of bone could imply that this represented a token deposit but it is more likely that this was a disturbed cremation. Two other small pits, one in either half of the site, contained very small amounts of cremated bone which has been interpreted as accidental deposition. The function and relationships of the other features across the site is unclear and most of them contained no diagnostic material and may be natural depressions rather than archaeological features. A total of three samples were sent for AMS radiocarbon dating. A sample of charred hazelnut from pit fill, C5, was radiocarbon dated. The 2 sigma calibrated result was 2869–2576 BC (UBA 13127). A sample of charred hazelnut from pit fill C3 was also radiocarbon dated. The 2 sigma calibrated result was 2838–2491 BC (UBA 13128). The results of radiocarbon dating of a sample of charred hazelnut from pit fill C23 produced a 2 sigma calibrated result of 1605–1433 BC (UBA 13129) The site is important locally as it adds to the previously know prehistoric sites in the area which consisted of a fulacht fiadh and a mound. The presence of prehistoric pottery fragments suggest the site may be near a small settlement, which may have been temporary in nature. A small disturbed cremation pit dating to the middle Bronze Age indicates a continuity of activity in the area but there is no evidence of a wider cemetery. The ploughing associated with the current arable land use could be directly responsible for much of the disturbance of the recorded features. The site is more significant when the adjacent site of Coolnakisha 1 350m away is taken into consideration as together they indicate a relatively intense occupation in a landscape that previously had little prehistoric settlement evidence. Combined they may also indicate the presence of a larger site in the close proximity beyond the excavation limits.