Total number of assets (1)
This browser does not support viewing this file type. Please download the asset to view.
Irish Archaeological Consultancy Ltd (IAC), funded by the National Roads Authority (NRA) through Kilkenny County Council, undertook an excavation at the site of AR139, Coolnakisha 1 along the proposed N9/N10 Kilcullen to Waterford Scheme, Phase 4 – Knocktopher to Powerstown (Figure 1). The following report describes the results of archaeological excavation at that site. The area was fully excavated by Ellen O’ Carroll under Ministerial Direction A032 and Excavation Registration Number E3768 issued by the DOEHLG in consultation with the National Museum of Ireland for IAC. The fieldwork took place between the 22 and 26 October 2007. The site consisted of a small L-shaped Structure (A) which was formed by 7 postholes, one of which may have been a double posthole. The structure would have been very small measuring 2m by 1.5m. It is possible that the structure was originally larger but has been truncated. It may have functioned as a windbreak. A number of pits and postholes in the vicinity may have been associated, although their precise function and relationship is unknown. Structure A has been dated to the late Neolithic/early Bronze Age. Three pits, larger than those associated with the earlier structure (above), represented a second phase of activity. One of these pits was dated to the middlelate Bronze Age, and the other two have been interpreted as being broadly contemporary although they are undated. The fills of these pits contained small fragments of burnt bone which may indicate that they were domestic waste pits. As it was not possible to establish definitively in some cases whether the bone was human or animal, there is a small possibility that these are cremation pits. The presence of three pieces of debitage suggests that a limited lithic production and/or tool re-sharpening took place at the site. Together with discarded scrapers, the recovered flakes and debitage pieces represent waste from lithic production. Two samples were sent for AMS radiocarbon dating. Ash charcoal from the fill C3 of a pit returned a 2 sigma calibrated date of 1265–1049BC (UBA 13125) (late Bronze Age). Ash charcoal from the fill C33 of a posthole returned a 2 sigma calibrated date of 2619–2473BC (UBA 13126) (late Neolithic). The site is important locally as it adds to the previously known prehistoric evidence in the area, namely a fulacht fiadh (CW011-011). The presence of lithics and a single sherd of pottery suggest that the site was the focus of a small settlement, which is likely to have been temporary in nature based on the number and size of features recorded. The site consisted of two phases of activity which indicates a continuity of settlement in the area throughout the Bronze Age. This is made more significant when the adjacent site of Coolnakisha 2, a possible cremation pit, 350m away is taken into consideration