Ishaq Ibn Hunayn's Arabic translation of Euclid's Elementa.

Western knowledge of many works of the greatest thinkers of ancient Greece, including Euclid, was lost during the so-called Dark Ages (the period from about the late fifth century AD to the year 1000). However, between the late eighth century and the tenth centuries, most o

A Sense of Freedom Mathematics Geometry Euclid Translations

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Jahangir celebrates the Hindu festival of Holi from the Minto Album.

This folio is from an album compiled for the Mughal emperors Jahangir (r. 1605-27) and Shah Jahan (r. 1627-58) between about 1612 and 1640. In his memoirs, Jahangir, whose mother was Hindu, describes Holi, the exuberant Hindu festival: ‘Thursday is the Holi, which in their

A Sense of Place Manners and customs Religion Hinduism Festivals Holī (Hindu festival) Jahangir, Emperor of Hindustan, 1569-1627

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Illuminated opening from a Qur'an.

This Qur'an is one of the great treasures of the Chester Beatty Library. It is important on a number of counts, but especially as it is a rare example of the work of Ibn al-Bawwab (d. 1022), one of three great medieval masters of Islamic calligraphy. Ibn al-Bawwab is espe

A Sense of Identity Qur'an Islamic calligraphy Sacred books Religion Islam

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Illuminated heading for Chapter 32 from a Qur'an.

Usually, an illuminated heading marks the beginning of each of the 114 chapters of the Qur'an. This one marks the start of chapter 32, which bears the title al-Sajda (The Prostration) and which deals with the mysteries of Creation, Time and the Final End.

A Sense of Identity Qur'an Creation (Islam) Islamic cosmology Sacred books Religion Islam Illumination of books and manuscripts

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Device for raising water, from the Book of Ingenious Mechanical Devices, by Al-Jazari.

Badi al-Zaman Al-Jazari wrote his Book of Ingenious Mechanical Devices in 1206 in response to a request from his patron, a minor king in Diyarbekir (in what is now south-east Turkey). The text includes diagrams and instructions for the construction of fifty mechanical dev

A Sense of Freedom Technology Mechanical devices Hydraulic machinery Pumping machinery Islamic civilization Illumination of books and manuscripts

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